Home Svenska Svenska
Home Boundless meetings Family and hierarchy Midgard Belief and traditions The living and the dead Divine craftwork Trading and raiding Waterways 74: Ships seen almost only on Gotland stones 75: Ship finds in water and in graves 76: Ships reconstructed thanks to many finds 77: Pictures show ships with sails 78: From longship to karvi 79: Traces of ships preserved in the silt 80: 27,000 hours to build a ship 81: Time-consuming sail making Town-like centres Christian monuments
Listen

Traces of ships preserved in the silt

In the muddy bottom sediment in the waters outside Birka on the island of Björkö in Lake Mälaren the conditions for preserving organic material are optimal.

Finds at the bottom of lakes and seas are different from those on land. A number of objects linked to repairs and maintenance of ships and boats have been found there.

One example is the wooden rivets. These were used in shipbuilding to attach the planks on the side of the boat. Attaching planks with wooden trunnels was undoubtedly common. But in the ships found in the earth the trunnels are generally decayed.

Using bits of wood rather than iron was a technique that was used by boat builders active along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. The discovery of wooden rivets outside Birka gives an indication of the contacts the town had to the east.

Many of the wooden rivets have broken shafts, which reveals that they were knocked out during repairs to the ship and changing of planks.

Show more

Toggle

  Toggle

Toggle

  Toggle

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Belaying pin

  Belaying pin

Toggle

  Toggle

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Rigging accessory

  Rigging accessory

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Flitch billet

  Flitch billet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet

Wooden rivet

  Wooden rivet